Maps & Timeline
Mayflower departed from London
Mayflower arrived at Southampton harbor
Speedwell departed from Delfshaven
Speedwell arrived at Southampton harbor
Both ships departed from Southampton harbor
Both ships turned back; Speedwell was leaking
Both ships arrived at Dartmouth harbor;
Speedwell was repaired
Both ships departed from Dartmouth harbor
Both ships turned back; Speedwell still leaking
Both ships arrived at Plymouth harbor; Speedwell deemed "unseaworthy"
Mayflower departed without Speedwell from Plymouth harbor for America
Sighted land at Cape Cod; turned south along coast; sailed into dangerous waters and turned back
Mayflower anchored at Cape Cod harbor
Attempted to sail across bay to Plymouth;
wind was too strong; returned to Cape Cod harbor
Mayflower sailed across bay, anchored at Plymouth harbor
DID YOU KNOW?
1. Virginia Territory referred to land in America claimed by England. The territory was named after Queen Elizabeth, who was known as the Virgin Queen. The Mayflower's intended destination was not in present-day Virginia.
2. The Universalis Cosmographia, created by Martin Waldseemüller in 1507, is the first map of the Americas in which the name "America" is mentioned.
3. The Pilgrims almost certainly had access to a map of "New England" published by Captain John Smith in 1616.
4. Plymouth was not named by the Pilgrims; John Smith had already named the area [New] Plimouth on his 1616 map.